Chur 1774

Chur was a town of a few thousand inhabitants, but employed a large number of officials. Many members of the Köhl family were elected to such offices, therefore these functions are mentioned here.

There was the regiment of the Rhaetian Republic which usually gathered in Chur. The heads of state were: the president of the God's House Federation with scribe and weibel, the district judge of the Grey Federation in scribe and weibel, the federal district judge of the Ten Courts Federation with scribe and weibel. The criminal court of the whole republic consisted of the president of the Gotteshausbund and one assessor from each of the two other confederations, likewise the sanitary council was appointed.

The city of Chur also had a regiment. There we first meet the lords Siebner, then appear as members of the small council their wisdom: the office mayor and the resting, the office city bailiff and the resting, the city judge, the professional judge, the office chief and the chief guild master, the city mayor, then the eight councilmen, the five guild masters. The grand council of the town was made up of the gentlemen of the seventies, who were elected by the five guilds. The administration of justice was taken care of by the town bailiff's or criminal court, the town court, the profect's court, the treasury or ganthers, the court of appeal and the marriage court.

In addition, there was a salt commission, a watch directorate, forest inspectors, a school council, a commission of assessors, a guardianship deputation, a town library supervisor, an orphans' bailiwick, public teachers of the Collegii philosophici, the upper and lower Latin class, the upper German boys' and daughters' school, the first, second and third German mixed school.

Special city officials were: the master builder, the treasurer, the keeper of St. Martin and St. Regula, the special siege keeper, the customs officer, the rice weigher, the town hall keeper, the granary keeper, the hay keeper, the wine keeper, the master craftsman, the stucco writer. In the case of the authorities, the scribes and council messengers or weibers are of course to be added. And the city gates (Obertor, Untertor and Metzgertor) were supervised by guards.

But the city of Chur also had a military. There was a Pannerherr, the two Stadthauptleute, the Stadtwachtmeister, then the cavalry with a Rittmeister, Lieutenant and Cornet, then five companies of infantry each with a Hauptmann, Ober- and Unterlieutenant and Fähnrich, finally the artillery with a Schützenmeister and its top.[5][48]

Impressum und rechtliche Hinweise


Chur 1776. Radierung von Le Barbier Jean-Jacques (Rätisches Museum, H1973.314)


5: Geschichte des Churer Stadtrates 1422-1922, Valèr Michael, 1922

48: Chur vor hundert Jahren, Samuel Plattner, 1874